In most Member States, the ordinary courts deal with two main types of proceedings:
- Proceedings in criminal matters, i.e. regarding punishable (criminal) offences (such as theft, vandalism, fraud, etc.); these courts can impose penalties and are often referred to as "criminal courts",
- Proceedings in civil matters, i.e. disputes between citizens and/or businesses (for instance, problems with rent, a service contract or a divorce, etc.); these courts are often referred to as "civil courts".
To obtain more detailed information on Member State ordinary courts please select one of the flags listed on the right hand side.
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