Each EU Member State has its own system for compensating victims for the damage they have sustained as a result of crime. There are basically two channels of compensation: victims can either pursue a claim against the offender (often a victim will have to launch civil proceedings before a civil court) or they can ask for compensation by the state.
However, it may also be possible for a victim to pursue a compensation claim against the offender during the course of criminal proceedings. More information about this route for compensation can be found here (select the relevant country flag listed on the right hand side of the page and then click on "My rights during the trial").
EU law ensures that each Member State has a national scheme in place which guarantees fair and appropriate compensation to victims of crime, and that compensation is easily accessible regardless of where in the EU a person becomes the victim of a crime. The relevant instrument of EU law is the Directive relating to compensation to crime victims. It facilitates access to compensation for victims of crime in cross-border situations (for instance, where the crime took place in a Member State other than where the victim lives) and sets up a system for cooperation between national authorities.
This page is maintained by the European Commission. The information on this page does not necessarily reflect the official position of the European Commission. The Commission accepts no responsibility or liability whatsoever with regard to any information or data contained or referred to in this document. Please refer to the legal notice with regard to copyright rules for European pages.
The Commission is in the process of updating some of the content on this website in the light of the withdrawal of the United Kingdom from the European Union. If the site contains content that does not yet reflect the withdrawal of the United Kingdom, it is unintentional and will be addressed.